Mycelium can help us avoid packaging waste

Research project "Integrated material, process and product development methodology for product life-cycle optimized mycelium-based packaging products as part of circular economy" (MycelCycle) launches | 1.3 Million Euro Funding from VolkswagenStiftung

Bremen, Göttingen, Hanover. It is easy to spot in mould with the naked eye: the fine mycelial network, which mostly grows hidden in the ground or in biomass. Mycelium possesses properties that can be very useful in avoiding environmentally harmful packaging waste. Scientists from the Universities of Göttingen and Bremen, as well as from the BIBA – Bremer Institut für Produktion und Logistik, are now researching new biodegradable mycelium composite materials for biodegradable packaging applications. They develop adapted production methods by keeping the entire product life cycle in mind and use artificial intelligence for promising material combinations.

Mycelium has the potential to transform biomass with its thread-like hyphae into a high-performance composite material. The goal of this project is to develop an integrated methodology for the material, process, and product development of mycelium composite materials. This methodology will address the current challenges of the product life cycle in terms of material selection, material preparation, recycling, and reuse.

The focus is specifically on the use of locally available organic residues and waste materials to enable short transport routes and sustainable production. These raw materials are sterilized in an energy-saving way, combined, and processed with consistent quality, so that production, use, and recycling are possible at the highest quality. Above all, the best possible material cycle should be guaranteed.

Research case study: Insulated cooler box

A concrete example of the use of mycelium-based materials is cooler boxes for shipping. For this purpose, the research project aims to implement a closed material cycle. It also examines the secondary use of the material as shredded bulk for shipping packaging and even as base material for further mycelium cooler boxes.

Utilizing artificial intelligence

Another highlight of this project is the use of artificial intelligence (AI) to identify optimal starting material combinations and optimize process control. The use of the latest AI technologies ensures that the materials can be made efficiently and sustainably.

"Increasingly a success factor"

Packaging waste in Germany has more than doubled in the past thirty years, and the trend is ongoing. "Legal regulations also demand changes towards environmentally and climate-friendly products and processes," says BIBA’s director and project initiator Professor Michael Freitag. "The use of new, ecologically safe materials and corresponding processes are becoming a success factor. The research in the 'MycelCycle' project with its holistic considerations are intended to contribute to more sustainable economic activity and an efficient and effective circular economy."

Transfer and dialogue

Another project goal is to share and disseminate the knowledge gained, exchange ideas constructively with all stakeholders from research and practice and thus receive new impulses. In this way, new opportunities for the development of mycelium products for various industries should also be recognized. For further information on this project and to participate in symposia and workshops, please contact: Dr.-Ing. Michael Lütjen (BIBA), phone: +49 421 218-50 123, email:

Key data about the project "MycelCycle"

The 4-year research project "MycelCycle" (Integrated material, process and product development methodology for product life-cycle optimised mycelium-based packaging products as part of circular economy) is funded by the VolkswagenStiftung with 1.26 million euros. Research partners are the Department of Molecular Wood Biotechnology and Technical Mycology at the Faculty of Forest Sciences and Forest Ecology of the University of Göttingen, the Institute for Integrated Product Development (BIK) within the Faculty of Production Engineering - Mechanical Engineering and Process Engineering of the University of Bremen and the BIBA - Bremer Institut für Produktion und Logistik at the University of Bremen.

(Sabine Nollmann)

Additional information

Questions will be answered by the respective project leadership

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Michael Freitag
telephone: +49 421 218-50 002

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jan-Hendrik Ohlendorf
telephone: +49 421 218-64 871

Prof. Dr. Ursula Kües (University of Göttingen)
telephone: +49 551 39-270 24

Image selection for the press release

The images are - only with copyright notice! - free for publication. If you have any questions or would like more pictures, please contact

Dr.-Ing. Michael Lütjen (BIBA)
telephone: +49 421 218-50 123


Sabine Nollmann (Science Communication)
telephone: +49 421 330 47 61
mobile: +49 170 904 11 67

You can download the following images and others, together with image references, summarised in print quality as a ZIP file here: (3,4 MB).

  • MycelCycle 2sc klein.jpgMycelium of the fungus Ganoderma resinaceum on a natural substrate consisting of loosely packed straw particles with an average length of 2 cm, which were previously broken down using a hammer mill. Image (Binocular): Uni Göttingen/Michael Unger
  • MycelCycle 4b klein2.jpgMycelium-based composite material (25 x 9 x 5.5 cm) made from straw, husks and starch. The biogenic substrate was 3-dimensionally intergrown and bound by the mycelium of the fungus Ganoderma resinaceum and the composite was then heat-dried and sanded. Image: Uni Göttingen/Michael Unger